Categories
Lifestyle

Black people in England are more likely to test positive for Covid-19

Black people in England are 3.4 times more likely to test positive for Covid-19 than people from white British backgrounds, study shows

  • Those in black minority groups are more than three times as likely to test positive
  • The researchers believe socioeconomic differences in ethnic groups are a factor
  • The new study linked Public Health England test result data with the UK Biobank 
  • Here’s how to help people impacted by Covid-19

Black people in England are 3.4 times more likely to test positive for Covid-19 than people from white British backgrounds, a new study shows.

Other minority ethnic groups are also at higher risk of catching the virus, with those from South Asian backgrounds 2.4 times more likely to test positive.

The findings are based on data from nearly 400,000 participants in the UK Biobank study, a long-term study investigating the contribution of genes and the environment to the development of disease.

This data – which includes information on ethnicity, socioeconomic position, health and behavioural risk factors – was correlated with Covid-19 test results from Public Health England, which holds a database of all test results in England.

The UK Biobank team gained permission from study participants to confidentially link their Covid-19 test results to their Biobank health records, which are stored anonymously. 

The University of Glasgow researchers conclude that socioeconomic differences, such as finances and access to resources, are likely key to the findings, rather than just genetics. 

They say that an immediate policy response is needed to ensure the health system is responsive to the needs of ethnic minority groups.  

The findings add to a growing body of evidence that some ethnic minority groups are more vulnerable to the adverse consequences of Covid-19. 

NHS data has previously revealed that Covid-19 fatalities are higher among England’s black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) groups than the general population. 

Ethnic minority groups, especially black and South Asian people seem to be particularly vulnerable to the adverse consequences of Covid-19

Compared to people from white British backgrounds, the risks of testing positive were largest in in black and South Asian minority groups who were 3.4 and 2.4 times more likely to test positive, respectively, with people of Pakistani ethnicity at highest risk in the south Asian group (3.2 times more likely to test positive)

‘There is unlikely to be a single factor underlying these differences,’ Dr. S Vittal Katikireddi at the Institute of Health and Wellbeing at the University of Glasgow told MailOnline.

‘I think an important part of the picture is socioeconomic differences – some ethnic groups are worse off financially and have less access to resources. 

‘That doesn’t seem to provide the whole picture, however. 

‘We haven’t been able to directly look at genetic differences so far, but based on what we know about ethnic differences in health more generally, genetics is unlikely to be an important contributor.’

Dr Katikireddi also said behaviour-related factors – like smoking and obesity – and pre-existing disease did not seem to be important contributors to the findings – although these are important risk factors for Covid-19 complications. 

Previous pandemics, such as the 1918 flu pandemic, have disproportionately impacted ethnic minorities and socioeconomically disadvantaged populations.

While early evidence suggests the same is true for the current crisis, research into the subject remains limited, according to the researchers, who are from the University of Glasgow and Public Health Scotland. 

The NHS’s health and care workers, who often are from minority ethnic populations, have access to the necessary protective personal equipment (PPE), the authors say

To find out more, the researchers gained permission from study participants to confidentially link the results of Covid-19 tests conducted in England between March 16 and May 3 this year with UK Biobank data, according to Dr Katikireddi.

BAME nurses ‘less protected’ as PPE shortages persist 

Black, Asian or minority ethnic (BAME) nurses are more likely to have problems accessing protective equipment, according to a new poll.

The Royal College of Nursing (RCN) identified a stark and deeply worrying’ contrast over PPE provision for staff from different backgrounds.

The union said it is “unacceptable” that BAME nurses “are less protected than other nursing staff”.

Data has emerged suggesting that people from BAME backgrounds are being disproportionately adversely affected by Covid-19. 

‘We analysed both whether people had tested positive and also whether they tested positive while at hospital,’ he said. 

‘The latter is more likely to reflect severe cases and less likely to be influenced by differences in testing practice.’ 

The test results were based on PCR (polymerase chain reaction) tests, which look for DNA rather than antigens and have been widely used in the UK during the pandemic. 

Out of the total participants, 348,735 were white British, 7,323 were South Asian and 6,395 were from black ethnic backgrounds.

2,658 participants had been tested for SARS-CoV-2, the strain of the coronavirus that causes Covid-19, and 948 had at least one positive test.

Compared to people from white British backgrounds, the risk of testing positive was largest in black and South Asian minority groups.

Black people were 3.4 times more likely to test positive than white British groups, while South Asian people were 2.4 times more likely.

Within the South Asian sample, people with Pakistani ethnicity were at the highest risk – 3.2 times more likely to test positive than the white British sample, according to the data.

Ethnic minorities were also more likely to receive their diagnosis in a hospital setting, which suggests they were more severely impacted by Covid-19. 

‘One possibility that remains is that some ethnic and socioeconomic groups have a poorer prognosis and are therefore more likely to be admitted to hospital and therefore to be tested,’ the authors note.

Doctors and nurses from a black, Asian or minority ethnic (BAME) background have been disproportionately affected by coronavirus. Pictured are those that have died from the virus

Ethnic differences in infection risk did not appear to be fully explained by differences in pre-existing health, behavioural risk factors country of birth or socioeconomic differences.

Living in a disadvantaged area was also associated with a higher risk of testing positive – those who were most disadvantaged were 2.2 times more likely to test positive compared with the least disadvantaged people.

Meanwhile, having the lowest level of education made a person exactly two times more likely to test positive compared to those in the study with the highest level of education.

Health and care workers, who are often from minority ethnic populations, should have access to necessary protective personal equipment (PPE), Dr Katikireddi and his authors stress – especially as recent research reveals they are more likely to have trouble accessing it. 

Guidelines in different languages of how to reduce the risk of being exposed to the virus should also be considered, they say.

The study authors admit that those who were more advantaged were more likely to participate in the Biobank study and ethnic minorities may be less represented.

Test result data was also only available for England, meaning a broader range of people from ethnic minority groups could suggest they have less of a risk than people from white backgrounds.

Further research is needed to investigate whether these findings are reflective of the broader UK population.

‘Our findings warrant replication in other datasets, ideally including representative samples and across different countries,’ the team write in BMC Medicine.

‘Other social groups, such as homeless people, prisoners and undocumented migrants, experience severe disadvantage and research is necessary to study these highly vulnerable populations too.’ 

BAME communities are two to three times more likely to die from coronavirus 

People from black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) communities are two to three times more likely to die from coronavirus, previous analysis suggests. 

University College London (UCL) researchers found the risk of death from Covid-19 for black African groups was more than three times higher than the general population.

In people of Pakistani background it was also more than times higher, 2.41 times higher for Bangladeshi, black Caribbean was 2.21 times higher, and Indian was 1.7 times higher.

There was 12 per cent lower risk of death from Covid-19 from white populations in England than the general population, the analysis of NHS data by UCL also found.   

Co-author of the report, Dr Delan Devakumar, of the UCL Institute for Global Health, said: ‘Rather than being an equaliser, this work shows that mortality with Covid-19 is disproportionately higher in black, Asian and minority ethnic groups.

‘It is essential to tackle the underlying social and economic risk factors and barriers to healthcare that lead to these unjust deaths.’ 

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World News

These beaches are where you're least at risk of catching coronavirus

The ten safest beaches in Europe to visit after lockdown: Experts pick the nicest spots where you’re least at risk of catching coronavirus

  • Travel experts looked at a number of measures to find the safest beaches
  • Coronavirus cases, beach sizes and available space per person were all analysed
  • The top ten destinations include beaches in Greece, Portugal, Malta and Poland
  • Here’s how to help people impacted by Covid-19

With sweeping white sands that stretch for miles on end, these aren’t just Europe’s most beautiful beaches – they’re also where you’re least at risk of catching coronavirus. 

Travel experts European Best Destinations have drawn up a list that includes beaches in Greece, Portugal and Malta – as countries worldwide begin a reopening of borders. 

They used a range of criteria to choose the final ten, including destinations that had a low number of people infected with coronavirus compared with other European countries, as well as the size of the beaches and how much space is available per person.

The destinations were also chosen based on the number of private villas, apartments, and smaller hotels – particularly those committing to rigorous hygiene methods such as daily room disinfections. 

Other measures analysed were their location to hospitals that have never faced overcrowding issues during the pandemic, and which have more beds than the European average.

1) Preveza, Greece

The 13-mile Monolothi beach the longest in Europe and 80 metres wide at points

Topping the list are the Preveza beaches in Greece, a country which has some of the lowest coronavirus cases in Europe at fewer than 3,000. 

Air conditioning filters are changed after each residents’ stay in the area to ensure air is kept as clean as possible, and beaches have implemented a compulsory four-metre distance between umbrellas.

The 13-mile Monolothi beach is the EU’s longest and reaches widths of up to 80 metres wide at points, making social distancing easier for tourists.  

 2) Comporta, Alentejo, Portugal

Comporta is rarely overcrowded, and Portugal has also implemented ‘safe and clean’ labels to guarantee accommodation that meets hygienic measures

The experts felt this 12-mile long stretch of beach in Alentejo made it the perfect destination to recoup from coronavirus lockdown, 

Just a few miles from Lisbon, Comporta is rarely overcrowded, and Portugal has also implemented ‘safe and clean’ labels to guarantee accommodation that meets hygienic measures. 

Most hotels will have already reopened by 15 June, and all are expected to have done so by 1 July.  

 3) Hel Peninsula, Poland

The Hel Peninsula beach is located on Poland’s riviera, as a sliver of beach-fringed woodland just a few hundred yards wide for much of its length

This 21-mile stretch of beach separating the Bay of Puck from the Baltic Sea offers travellers millions of square metres of sand from which they can relax while maintaining a safe distance from others. 

Poland is also one of Europe’s countries that has been least affected by coronavirus, with just 1,025 deaths. 

Its borders will reopen to travellers from 13 June, without any quarantine measures in place. 

4) Porto Santo Beach, Madeira Islands, Portugal

Known for its warm waters, dive sites and sandy beaches, Porto Santo Beach is the second  Portugese destination to feature in the top ten

The second Portguese destination to feature in the experts’ safest ten is Madeira.

Consisting of several islands, Porto Santo is home to just 5,500 residents with its world-famous sandy beaches and warm waters, making it the perfect hideaway for those steering clear of coronavirus.  

Madeira is expected to welcome travellers from 1 July. 

5)  Halikounas beach, Corfu, Greece

Just 40 minutes away from Corfu Airport, the beach is one of the largest on the island

Halikounas beach is considered one of the most beautiful coastal areas in the Ionian complex, and at nearly two miles long there will be plenty of space for sun-loving holidaymakers to spread out and relax. 

The beach is one of the largest on the island and just 40 minutes away from Corfu Airport. 

International flights to Corfu are expected to restart on 1 July, with no traveller quarantines requested from officials. 

6) Ghajn Tuffieha beach, Riviera bay in Malta 

Ghajn Tuffieha is far quieter than Golden Bay and is often visited by the Maltese themselves, meaning there are likely to be fewer tourists here

There have been just 661 Covid-19 cases in Malta – around 55 times fewer than the most affected countries in Europe, and the island has more hospital beds available per person than the UK, Ireland and Finland. 

The limited outbreak of the virus means hospitals have never been overcrowded.

The travel experts say that Ghajn Tuffieha is far quieter than the more popular Golden Bay and is often visited by the Maltese themselves, meaning there are likely to be fewer tourists here. 

Hotels are scheduled to reopen on 1 June, with the tourist season expected to restart on 1 July.  

7) Meia Praia, the Algarve, Portugal 

Visible from the east is the historic town of Lagos and on a clear day tourists can even see down the coast to Alvor, Praia de Rocha and Carvoeiro

The Algarve is one of Europe’s regions that have been least affected by coronavirus, and its largest beach Meia Praia in Lagos provides more than three miles of golden sand. 

At nearly 2.5 miles long, the spacious beach means that there is plenty of room for everyone, even in the high season.

Visible from the east is the historic town of Lagos and on a clear day tourists can even see down the coast to Alvor, Praia de Rocha and Carvoeiro.  

Portugal is planning to start its tourist season on 1 July, and officials have not imposed a quarantine for arrivals.  

8) Jurmala beach, Latvia 

The sea air in Jurmala is 100 times cleaner than the city making it an ideal destination for those with respiratory difficulties

The travel experts included this destination for its 20 miles of fine sand that await guests flocking to Jurmala.

Its sea air is 100 times cleaner than the city making it an ideal destination for those with respiratory difficulties.  

It has also been awarded the prestigious EDEN title from the European Commission for its sustainable tourism.

Latvia has been 60 times less affected by coronavirus than most European countries, with just 1,057 cases, and has some of the most beds per head across Europe. 

The majority of hotels and restaurants are expected to reopen from July 1.  

9) Nida beach, Lithuania

Miles upon miles of sand at Nida beach give it the appearance of stretching on forever 

More than 62 miles of sweeping sand await visitors at Nida beach, which is practically cut off from the rest of the world.

This makes it one of the safest destinations in Europe, the travel experts said.  

Located just an hour from Klaipéda, the seaside resort is situated on the Isthmus of Curlandia, a huge strip of land between two seas. 

Lithuania has reported 40 times fewer coronavirus cases than the most affected European countries, at just 1,647, and its tourist season restarts on 1 July.  

10) Binz Beach, Rügen Island, Germany

Binz is the largest seaside resort in Germany, known for its sandy beaches and its seaside walkway the Strandpromenade

The three mile-long beach is one of the longest in Germany, ensuring huge amounts of space for tourists wanting to sunbathe on the sand.

It is situated in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, which has had just 760 confimred cases of coronavirus and 20 deaths. 

Germany is planning to reopen borders from 15 June, with its tourist season and international flights scheduled to resume from 1 July. 

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World News

Who are Dominic Cumming’s parents? – The Sun

DOMINIC Cummings is Boris Johnson's senior adviser who was recently called out for travelling 260 miles from London to Durham amid the coronavirus lockdown.

The aide claimed he was staying with his parents for help with childcare. So who are his parents and have they said anything to defend their son?

⚠️ Read our coronavirus live blog for the latest news & updates


Who are Dominic Cumming's parents?

Robert Cummings worked as an oil rig project manager and built oil rigs for construction firm, Laing.

He also ran a canoe paddle factory and now works on the family farm.

His mother, Morag, worked as a special needs teacher and a behavioural specialist.

The couple, now in their seventies, live on the family farm in Durham.

Sir John Grant McKenzie Laws, a former Lord Justice of Appeal, was also Dominic Cummings' uncle.

What did he do?

Cummings has been accused of being in breach of the coronavirus rules, by making non essential travel and leaving his London home.

He and his wife, journalist Mary Wakefield, reportedly stayed at his parents' home in Durham while self-isolating.

It is a 260 mile trip between the homes.

However, the couple have said they needed childcare help and said they stayed in a separate building at the property.

In an official statement from Downing Street, the Prime Minister has given his backing to the aide.

A No10 spokesperson said: "Owing to his wife being infected with suspected coronavirus and the high likelihood that he would himself become unwell, it was essential for Dominic Cummings to ensure his young child could be properly cared for.

"His sister and nieces had volunteered to help so he went to a house near to but separate from his extended family in case their help was needed.

"His sister shopped for the family and left everything outside.

"His actions were in line with coronavirus guidelines.

"Mr Cummings believes he behaved reasonably and legally."

The revelation comes despite No10 telling Brits they must stay at home and not see family to slow the spread of Covid.

The move allegedly went against advice, which became law on March 26, which stated: “You should not be visiting family members who do not live in your home.”

Only in exceptional circumstances were people allowed to attend relatives' addresses; for example, to drop off food or medicine to their door.

Tory MPs are said to be privately angry, but a close friend of Dominic Cummings said: "He isn't remotely bothered by this story…

"…There is zero chance of him resigning."

Acting Liberal Democrat leader Sir Ed Davey today called for Mr Cummings to explain himself – or resign.

He said: "If Dominic Cummings has broken the lockdown guidelines, he will have to resign. It's as simple as that."

Who is Dominic Cummings?

Dominic Cummings was seen as the mastermind of the Brexit campaign.

He is a political adviser and strategist, and served as the Campaign Director of Vote Leave.

Cummings is a former special adviser to Michael Gove – under Boris Johnson, he worked as the PM's senior adviser.

Born in Durham, he attended Durham School and Exeter College, Oxford, graduating in 1994 with a First in Ancient and Modern History.

In 2011, he married Mary Wakefield, deputy editor of The Spectator.

Cummings became Campaign Director of Vote Leave upon the creation of the organisation in October 2015.

He is credited with having created the official slogan of Vote Leave, "Take back control" and with being the leading strategist of the campaign.

Cummings was questioned and criticised by MPs at the Treasury Select Committee in April 2016 for creating misleading leaflets for the Leave campaign.

His campaign strategy was summarised as: "Don’t talk about immigration"; "Do talk about business"; "Don’t make the referendum final"; "Do keep mentioning the Charter of Fundamental Rights and the over-reach of the European Union’s Court of Justice".



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TV and Movies

How much are the Gogglebox stars paid? – The Sun

GOGGLEBOX has continued to entertain Brits up and down the country, with fans praising the heart-warming interactions of stars who – like us – are tuning into some telly from their sofas in coronavirus lockdown.

Many viewers have been left confused about whether those still appearing on the programme are flouting social distancing rules. But how much are those still filming getting paid?

How much do Gogglebox stars get paid?

Gogglebox is a British reality TV series which has aired regularly on Channel 4 since 2013.

The show involves small groups of family and friends watching a wide variety of shows from the comfort of their living room while sharing their honest thoughts.

Despite the fact that it doesn't sound like too much effort, those who appear on the series are paid a fee.

Producers have never confirmed how much this is and whether it's per person, or per group.

However, The Sun exclusively revealed in 2016 that each household is paid the same monthly allowance of £1,500.

A show insider shared that the fee is then split amongst contributors at their own discretion.

What's more, they also get to tuck into a free takeaway of their choice to keep them fuelled during long filming sessions.

They have to watch 12 hours of telly a week in total – which is divided into two six-hour stints.

This allows most participants to hold down their usual full-time or part-time jobs around filming.

It seems most stars make their extra cash through deals and endorsements they strike thanks to their Gogglebox fame.

Scarlett Moffatt, who appeared on the show until 2016, revealed on I'm A Celebrity that she had paid off her parents' mortgage with her newfound fortune.

Meanwhile, Sandra Martin, who left in 2017, told the Mail On Sunday that she had been making an annual salary of £100,000 thanks to the programme.

Most of the current stars were approached by casting directors.

However, Studio Lambert producers have in the past encouraged viewers with "strong and entertaining" opinions to get in touch with them via email at [email protected]studiolambert.com.

Despite this, the show's creator Stephen Lambert previously said in 2015 of the casting process that "everybody on Gogglebox has been found and persuaded to be on the show and I think that's the key to why they are likeable and why the show works, because we get to know these people".

At the time, he noted: "We've never advertised for people on Gogglebox."

When is Gogglebox on Channel 4?

The new series of Gogglebox continues TONIGHT Friday, May 22, 2020.

You can catch series 15 of the hit show at 9pm every Friday on Channel 4.

Previous series of Gogglebox have run for 15 episodes and this is likely to be no different.

Viewers can catch up on any missed episodes on Channel 4+1 or online at All4.

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TV and Movies

Why Are There More Spoilers for 'The Mandalorian' Season 2?

The Mandalorian was one of the biggest hits of 2019 and it was such a welcome surprise for Star Wars fans for so many reasons.

One of those surprises was Baby Yoda, who instantly became an internet meme as well as a beloved character without even having to say a word.

Nobody saw Baby Yoda coming, and that was part of the reason why he got such a good reception. That said, for season 2 of the show, there have already been more spoilers than there were for Season 1. Here’s a look at why that is.

‘The Mandalorian’ Season 2 spoilers (so far)

RELATED: ‘The Mandalorian’: Giancarlo Esposito Felt ‘Ill-Equipped’ to Play Moff Gideon

If you want to stay completely unspoiled, then stop reading here. 

Recently, Lucasfilm announced several new cast members for Season 2 of the show. One of the more recent announcements was that Katee Sackhoff will be playing the live-action Bo-Katan in Season 2, and that Temuera Morrison will be playing Boba Fett in the season as well.

Sackhoff notably was the voice actress for Bo-Katan in ‘The Clone Wars’ TV show, and Morrison played Jango Fett, the father of Boba Fett, in ‘Attack of the Clones.’

Earlier this year, Lucasfilm also announced that Rosario Dawson would be joining the cast as Ahsoka Tano. Dawson was not the voice actress for Ahsoka Tano in ‘The Clone Wars,’ but she will be playing the character nonetheless.

Since all three of these characters come from either the movies or the TV shows, their stories coming into season 2 of The Mandalorian are somewhat predictable. For example, the last time anyone saw Boba Fett, he was presumably being eaten by a desert creature on Tatooine. But, since he’s showing up in season 2, then that says to audiences that he somehow survived that encounter. 

Why there are more spoilers for Season 2 of ‘The Mandalorian’

In the first season of the show, there were two massive surprises that no one saw coming. The first was Baby Yoda, and the second was the appearance of the Darksaber, which is a unique weapon that showed up in ‘The Clone Wars.’ Disney purposefully decided not to produce Baby Yoda toys in advance, and thanks to that, fans weren’t spoiled by seeing Baby Yoda toys show up in stores before the show premiered. 

The Darksaber has been part of Star Wars lore for a while now, so Disney didn’t have to do that same tactic for it. But still, since both the Darksaber and Baby Yoda were physical props, it was also very easy for Disney and Lucasfilm to hide those two surprises from potential leakers. 

Human actors however, are much harder to hide. This is really the main reason why there are so much more spoilers for season 2 than there was for season 1.

Whether it’s paparazzi following actors around, one way or another, casting news will get revealed to the world. So, Disney and Lucasfilm decided to just announce the casting news themselves to get ahead of the leakers.

Are these really spoilers though?

RELATED: ‘The Mandalorian’ Casting Rumors Don’t Necessarily Mean It’ll Be a Crowded Season 2

That said, Lucasfilm isn’t dumb. It knows that Star Wars fans can easily connect the dots between casting news and what might happen in Season 2. That’s why some fans don’t think that these casting news are actually spoilers. 

Like Lucasfilm showed, it could hide the big surprises from audiences if it wanted to. That’s how they hid Baby Yoda and that’s how they hid the Darksaber. What these casting news may also mean is that the real surprises won’t come until season 2 premieres. 

Plus, by announcing casting news, Lucasfilm and Disney can keep the show on people’s minds. This is a really easy way to keep people watching, thinking, and talking about The Mandalorian and the rich universe of Star Wars.

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Lifestyle

The Repair Shop viewers are left in tears over an old dictionary

The Repair Shop viewers are left in tears after a 230-year-old family heirloom dictionary previously owned by Lord Nelson aboard HMS Victory is painstakingly restored

  • Weather-beaten dictionary believed to have been used on board HMS Victory
  • Family heirloom brought into shop by Adam who inherited from his grandfather
  • Bookbinder Christopher Shaw got to work on restoring the historic item
  • Viewers were impressed by the final result which left Adam ‘lost for words’ 

Viewers of The Repair Shop were left in tears last night after a dictionary once owned by Lord Horatio Nelson and used aboard his flagship HMS Victory was painstakingly restored to its former glory.

The 230-year-old family heirloom was brought into the Weald and Downland Living Museum in Singleton, West Sussex by Adam, who had inherited it from his grandfather Lionel White, after he passed away in 2018.

Professional bookbinder Christopher Shaw took on the challenge, and some viewers branded his impressive work one of the ‘best ever’ repair jobs on the show.

Adam told Chris and paintings conservator Lucia Scalisi how the weather-beaten dictionary came into his family’s possession a couple of hundred years ago.

The 230-year-old family heirloom was brought into the Weald and Downland Living Museum in Singleton, West Sussex by Adam, who had inherited it from his grandfather Lionel White, after he passed away in 2018

‘My family have traced it back to an ancestor of ours who was a midshipman during the Battle of Trafalgar. I think he was a first lieutenant during the battle,’ he explained.

‘We believe it was Horatio Nelson’s. If you open it up on the inside, it’s got “Nelson’s book” written in there, and I like to think he wrote that himself.’

Adam said the piece is really special to him not just because of its historical significance, but the fact it was handed down to him by his grandfather. 

‘I can remember being a little boy aged eight years old and him showing me this for the first time,’ he recalled.

Opening up the dictionary, Adam revealed: ‘We believe it was Horatio Nelson’s. If you open it up on the inside, it’s got “Nelson’s book” written in there, and I like to think he wrote that himself’

Chris admitted he’d never held a book linked with ‘so much history’ and called it ‘absolutely beautiful’

‘I can remember him telling me the stories of the book, teaching me about the history of Nelson and the Battle of Trafalgar. He took us to Portsmouth to go and see the ship.

‘It was a really, really special relationship that we had, and the family decided that he would have wanted me to have this book. I was really touched that they entrusted it to me so I thought I’d bring it to you guys to do him proud.’

He added that he’d got his grandmother’s blessing to have it restored, and hoped an ‘disappointing’ repair job done in the Nineties could be rectified.

‘I want to bring it back to, not its former glory because I don’t think that’s possible, but I want to be able to preserve it for future generations because I would love to be able to share that same relationship and tell those stories to my own grandkids one day,’ he said. 


Adam said the piece is really special to him not just because of its historical significance, but the fact it was handed down to him by his grandfather (pictured together left). Pictured right: Lionel took Adam to Portsmouth to see HMS Victory

Adam admitted he needed his grandmother’s permission before bringing in the book. Pictured together with Lionel as a child

‘If there’s any way I can get that bad work undone, one of things as well is, I know it’s a factual book, but in many ways it’s a story book and it’s not the words telling the story, it’s the book and the pages.’

Chris admitted he’d never held a book linked with ‘so much history’ and called it ‘absolutely beautiful’.

‘I’m honoured to do this work for you,’ he told Adam.

Chris stripped back the black leather and restored it with calf leather, which he believes was the original material used to bound the dictionary in 1787.  

When presented with the finished item, Adam remarked – ironically – he was ‘lost for words’. 

When presented with the finished item, Adam remarked – ironically – he was ‘lost for words’

Chris stripped back the black leather and restored it with calf leather, which he believes was the original material used to bound the dictionary in 1787

‘It feels surreal, almost like when I first saw it, I’m handling it with the same delicacy,’ he remarked. ‘It’s phenomenal. I know granddad would be absolutely amazed.

‘It was really important to me for the book to look of the age that it is and you’ve gone above and beyond.’

To honour the memory of the dictonary’s previous owner, Chris kindly crafted a slip case with Lionel’s name embossed in leather on the front, to store it safely on the shelf.

‘It’s been a real challenge but I’ve really enjoyed it,’ the craftsman admitted.

To honour the memory of the dictonary’s previous owner, Chris kindly crafted a slip case with Lionel’s name embossed in leather on the front, to store it safely on the shelf

Adam replied: ‘That’s exceeded all expectation, I can’t say thank you enough. To see the work carried out on it is absolutely breathtaking.’

He added: ‘Seeing my granddad’s name written on there put a lump in my throat. To have my kids, my grandkids, remember him, is an addition to the book. I’m overjoyed and itching to go show my grandma now.’

Viewers were incredibly touched by the sentimental story, with many taking to Twitter to admit it brought a tear to their eye. 

Viewers were incredibly touched by the sentimental story, with many taking to Twitter to admit it brought a tear to their eye

One tweeted: ‘Yup, just cried over a dictionary watching #TheRepairShop.’

Another wrote: ‘It was AMAZING how he blended the leather in that dictionary. I’m so impressed.’

And one commented: ‘That Nelson dictionary is one of the best repair jobs so far, absolutely amazing!!’ 

Other items restored in last night’s episode included a quirky train set built by the man behind the inventions in Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, a sailor’s trinket box, and a beloved doll from 1947. 

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TV and Movies

Who are Jude Law's children and how many does he have?

JUDE Law is well known for his blockbuster movies and smouldering screen presence.

But behind closed doors, his family life is just as busy as his acting career – and it is set to get even busier following the news that he is reportedly set to become a dad again for the sixth time.

Who are Jude Law's children?

Jude's brood has been expanding quite a lot over the years.

The actor currently has FIVE children, with another one on the way with wife Phillipa Coan.

We take you through who his children are, starting with his eldest.

Rafferty Law

Rafferty is Jude 23-year-old son, having been born on October 6, 1996.

His full name is Rafferty Jellicoe Frost Law and his mum is Sadie Frost.

He is a model who has worked on campaigns from Dolce & Gabanna to Timberland.

He is now following in his old man's footsteps and stepped into the acting world.

He is set to appear in the remake of Oliver!.

Iris Law

Like her big brother, 19-year-old Iris is also a successful model with more than 200,000 Instagram followers.

She has who appeared in Miu Miu and Burberry campaigns, as well as Vogue.

Jude and Iris' mum Sadie split when she was only 3-years-old and since then she's lived between his house in Highgate and her mum's in Primrose Hill.

Rudy Law

Rudy, 17, is the youngest of Jude and Sadie's children together and is an actor.

In 2013, the then nine-year-old starred in the short film Dotty alongside his mother.

Sophia Law

10-year-old Sophia is the daughter of Jude and model Samantha Burke.

The pair only dated from May to June in 2008 in a brief fling. 

It is reported that they met while he was filming Sherlock Holmes in New York.

Ada Law

In 2015, Ada was born to Jude and 24-year-old musician Catherine Harding.

At the time, a spokesperson for the star released a statement to the Mail Online, which said: "I can confirm the arrival of Jude Law and Catherine Harding’s daughter.

"Both are delighted and continue to ask that their privacy and that of their child be respected."

The couple were briefly together, but by the time their child was born – they'd gone their separate ways.

How many times has Jude Law been married?

Jude has been married twice.

The first time was to Sadie Frost from 1997 to 2003.

He then wed Phillipa Coan in April 2019.

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Beauty and Fashion

The grans who are actually enjoying a break from their grandkids during lockdown – The Sun

THE last two months have been a real struggle for grandparents who are missing being able to hug their grandkids.

But what if you’ve been enjoying the time to yourself?

Great British Bake Off judge Prue Leith, 80, recently admitted to being a bad granny, revealing she has missed attending events and even birthdays over the years as she has always been the “hard-working main breadwinner”.

The grandmother of four, whose husband John Playfair has three grandkids as well, said: “The problem is society’s expectations haven’t kept up with reality, leaving us with a guilty conscience at not fitting the stereotypical gran.

“Plenty of grannies I know are secretly a bit resentful at being expected to do so much.”

With lockdown easing, some grannies are in no rush to take on babysitting duties again.

Here, we speak to three of them.

‘I need to have life of my own’

FINANCE MANAGER Sapna Suchak is a working grandmother of two. She lives with husband Kishore, 66, in Pinner, Harrow, while her daughter Nima, 37, and grandkids Dhani, 13, and Abhi, 11, are 100 miles away in Leicester. Sapna, 66, says:

“Lockdown has massively taken the pressure off trying to fit the grandkids into my busy life.

“When my children were young, I worked full-time, so they went straight into nursery at the age of two.

“I am very career-driven and I am proud to admit that.

“Now, if Nima needs me to look after the grandchildren she has to book in advance.

I am not a grandma who is there every day picking up the kids from school.

“And I am not able to travel all that way.

“I need to have a life of my own.

“I play badminton every week, go to keep fit and I have lots of friends.

“My weekend is spent cleaning and cooking and I often visit friends’ homes for food, or I go to a health club for a pamper. It is what I enjoy.

“My job is also very busy and I don’t finish until 7pm, then I cook and go to bed.

“I love my grandchildren but I make it clear that I don’t want to be very hands on with them – unless there is an emergency.

“I have once or twice forgotten events like when Dhani won a rugby trophy and I rely on Facebook for birthday reminders.

“I see them once every three months on average – unless there is a special occasion.

“My daughter will nag me about working too hard as well at my age.

“But it is in my nature.

“I am enjoying the break during this lockdown.

“We have been doing video calls instead.

“I know my daughter understands how busy I am but I can still feel guilty so lockdown has 7 eased that pressure.”

Nima says: “My mum and I live 100 miles apart, and she’s still working full-time, so we don’t get to spend as much time together as we would like.

“Her job allows her to enjoy the finer things in life, and I’m very proud of all that she has achieved.

“I can count on my mum to help me if needed, and she also loves to buy the children treats and experiences.”

‘It’s time for my kids to be parents now’

MODEL and businesswoman Sharon Dooley, 45, is grandmother to Mason, two, and one-year-old Tagdh. With seven children herself, aged from 26 to eight, including daughter Mercedes, 26, Sharon, from Galway, Ireland, makes sure she is a gran on her terms. She says:

“With lockdown, I haven’t had to run after my young kids on school runs, and the grandkids are safely a Zoom call away.

“I am actually enjoying only having to speak to them virtually.

“I married my husband when I was 19, and I began having children near enough straight away.

“I spent my entire twenties and thirties being a full-time mum.

“At that age my friends were going out and having fun, or getting their career on track.

“I was wiping my children’s bums and doing the school run.

“I had devoted my entire life at that age to my children.

“And now I am a grandparent, which I love being, but I make it clear that I make the rules when I want to see them.

“I have no idea what time of day they were born, how much they weigh and I don’t know if Tagdh has started walking yet.

“It’s not because I am selfish, it’s because I have decided it’s my time to shine and my kids to be parents.

“My youngest Amber is eight and she keeps me pretty busy.

“My hands are full with my younger kids, let alone the grandkids.

“I like asking Mercedes to look after my younger kids and she has always done it.

“I know that may sound hypocritical, but I need the help and she says yes most times.

“I see her having a child as a bonus because now she’s more available to me rather than out working.

“Cheeky of me I know, but Mercedes appreciates I need to live my life now.

“My business runs events all over the country for plus-size women – I also do my fair share of modelling as well.

“I have decided it’s time to show the world the new me and achieve goals I couldn’t when I was younger.

“I love the grandkids but even now with virtual calls I make it clear I will not be virtually living with them.”

Mercedes says: “Mum always puts her business and modelling before my kids.

“It can be annoying as I could do with the help – but the quality time I had with my mum when I was younger is all worth it.

“I am proud of my mum.

“My friends have said she is selfish and not there for my kids but I just laugh it off.

“I love that she is not the typical fussing granny type and why should she be?”

‘I won’t drop everything to babysit’

PSYCHIATRIC nurse Lyn Clay, 60, is proud to be an unconventional grandmother. Single Lyn, from Deal, Kent, has three children, including Melanie, 43, and five grandchildren aged from 14 to four. She says:

“Since lockdown I have actually been enjoying long walks on the beach, reading books and gardening. Of course I miss seeing my children and grandchildren, but we talk on the phone and video call when we can.

“I don’t understand grandparents whose lives completely revolve around their grandchildren.

“I love them all to bits, but I think setting them a good example of how to live a fulfilled life is more important than being there for every school play or sporting event.

“As a mum I was very hands on with my children, I was always having gossip with them and they could talk to me about anything.

“But I was strict in making sure they were independent.

“My children don’t have the expectation I will be looking after their kids, but I think there is with other grandparents and that’s a shame.

“Before lockdown you would rarely find me in the UK.

“I would be in places like India ­and Thailand with friends.

“I am single and have a good social life, lots of friends and a job I love.

“I am certainly not going to swap all that to spend all my spare time changing nappies, wiping noses and going on school runs.

“I’ve had my time doing that.

“As a result of that I have missed a few milestones with the grandkids.

“I try my hardest to attend their plays and sports events but I have missed a few because I have been away travelling.

“I’ve never been the sort of grandmother to sit around knitting jumpers or dropping everything to babysit.

“They love to hear my stories and are always telling me they tell their friends about me.

“I think lockdown is a good opportunity to not sulk about missing the grandkids but to take some time out and learn a new skill or enjoy a hobby.”

MELANIE SAYS: “I’m proud that my mum isn’t a typical grandmother.

“She is a free spirit – strong, independent and enjoys life and I think that makes her a good role model for my kids.

“They think she’s cool and fun anyway.”

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World News

Who owns Moderna and what are the results from their coronavirus vaccine trial? – The Sun

A CORONAVIRUS vaccine has shown promising results so far and provides hope for millions of Americans.

The vaccine, produced by biotech company Moderna, is the first one to be tested on humans in the US.


Who owns Moderna?

French billionaire Stephane Bancel is the CEO of Moderna and has a nine percent stake in the company.

His net worth is about $1 billion.

The board of directors of Moderna consists of nine people, including Bancel and co-founder and chairman Noubar Afeyan.

Where is Moderna located?

The biotechnology company is located in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

It was founded in 2010.


What are the results from their coronavirus vaccine trial?

Moderna has tested the vaccine on eight people, who all showed an immune response to the virus.

The volunteers received two doses in March, and made antibodies that were then tested in human cells in a lab.

The antibodies were able to stop the virus from replicating.

The vaccine, called mRNA-1273, "was generally safe and well tolerated, with a safety profile consistent with that seen in prior Moderna infectious disease vaccine clinical studies," the company said.

One person in the trial experienced redness around the injection site, which was characterized as a "grade 3" side effect.

“When combined with the success in preventing viral replication in the lungs of a pre-clinical challenge model at a dose that elicited similar levels of neutralizing antibodies, these data substantiate our belief that mRNA-1273 has the potential to prevent COVID-19 disease and advance our ability to select a dose for pivotal trials," said Dr. Tal Zaks, Chief Medical Officer at Moderna.

Added Bancel: “We are investing to scale up manufacturing so we can maximize the number of doses we can produce to help protect as many people as we can from SARS-CoV-2.”

The FDA completed its review of the Investigational New Drug (IND) application last week and allowed the company to move forward.

There have been about 1.5 million coronavirus cases in the US, and nearly five million cases around the world.

About 90,000 people have died from the virus in the US.

It is possible that a vaccine could be available to the public by the end of this year or the beginning of 2021.

 

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Beauty and Fashion

Jennifer Lopez Abs Are Ripped As Ever, JIC You Needed A Reminder

  • At 50, Jennifer Lopez just showed off her ripped abs in a new Instagram post.
  • The Marry Me star stays fit with an intense abs workout features heavy weights.
  • She also takes her healthy diet seriously, always keeping her fridge stocked with veggies, eggs, and turkey bacon.

In news that should come as a shock to absolutely no one, Jennifer Lopez spent her weekend crushing it at the gym. The 50-year-oldMarry Me star shared a series of new pics from her workout on Instagram and it’s serious #goals.

    “If it doesn’t challenge you, it doesn’t change you… #CamoFriday @niyamasol,” she captioned a few shots of herself working out. In the pics, the World of Dance judge is working a camo print bra and leggings, of her own Niyama Sol design ($88 for the leggings, $58 for the bra right now, y’all!). Her hair is curly and perfectly tousled in a messy bun, and it’s kind of hard not to miss her abs, which look like you could grate cheese on them.

    https://www.instagram.com/p/CAOjUjBgZU4/

    People definitely noticed J.Lo’s fit physique in the comments. “GIIIIIIIIIIRL YOU ARE FINE A. F. ✨⚡️👑❤️,” one fan wrote. “51 soon??! I can’t believe,” another said.

    The Hustlers star has made it super duper clear that she doesn’t slouch with her health and fitness. And, when it comes to her abs, she’s a total beast.

    In 2019, J.Lo’s trainer Dodd Romero shared her super intense abs circuit with O, the Oprah Magazine. It consists of a set of 50 hanging ab raises followed by 50 rope crunches and 50 incline sit ups with a 45-pound plate. She follows that up with another set of 35 each, followed by a third set of 21 each. And she takes zero breaks in between.

    J.Lo is pretty intense about her diet, too. Her personal chef, Kelvin Fernandez, recently told Us Weekly that she doesn’t do berries or salmon (she’s not a fan of the texture, apparently!). But, according to Fernandez, her and fiancé Alex Rodriguez’s fridge is always stocked with “sparkling water, always fruits and vegetables.” In fact, he adds, “There’s always greens like spinach, cucumber, and celery to make green juice.” The couple and their kids are also huge on having eggs and turkey bacon at the ready, Fernandez says.

    J.Lo, FTW!

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