World News

Prison helps inmates boost their problem-solving skills with brand new ‘escape room’ – The Sun

A PRISON keen to help boost problem solving skills has created an "escape room" for lags.

Inmates at HMP Haverigg, in Cumbria, can now take part in the "trendy" activity, inspired by the TV show The Crystal Maze in which contestants solve puzzles to get out of rooms.

Lags at the 580-prisoner jail take part in the new activity in the prison gym, using their cunning to solve mental, physical, skill and mystery games.

Despite being converted from a closed category C jail into a category D jail opened recently, it is still surrounded by a four-and-half mile perimeter fence.

While some prisoners have rights to come and go as part of their rehabilitation – the site has to remain secure and critics were baffled by bosses “encouraging escapes”.

The activity rooms were revealed in a report out from inspectors from the Independent Monitoring Board (IMB) yesterday.

It showed inmates were also being offered a "Couch to 5k" race and weekly Parkruns, as well as weekend brunches of “yogurt, fruit and muesli".

The report said: "The gym also provided an ‘escape room’ activity, whereby prisoners can become involved in problem-solving and team-building exercises."

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Arsenal transfer boost as Barcelona ‘cool interest’ in Aubameyang and turn attentions to Inter Milan’s Lautaro Martinez – The Sun

ARSENAL have been handed a huge boost by the news that Barcelona have cooled their interest in club captain Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang.

The Daily Star claim the Catalans will not make a move for the Gabon International until they have exhausted any chance of landing Inter Milan's Lautaro Martinez.

The report adds that the Spanish giants have already had a £65million bid rejected by the Serie A side, despite their willingness to include Arturo Vidal and Nelson Semedo in the deal.

Antonio Conte has insisted that Martinez is not going anywhere this summer, but Inter are braced for a follow-up bid for their star man.

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How to boost your immunity now with better 'sleep health'

The best way to boost your immunity to coronavirus and other illnesses is getting more SLEEP – as doctors highlight the dangerous effect of restless nights

  • Brain and sleep monitoring expert has revealed why sleep is important for health
  • Dr David Burton explained that a sleep good routine is key to combating illness
  • He said if we don’t get enough sleep our bodies are slow to respond and perform

An Australian brain and sleep monitoring expert has revealed how a good night’s sleep can help boost your immunity as the coronavirus outbreak sweeps across the globe.

Dr David Burton, who is the CEO and executive chairman of Compumedics Limited,  has shared the reasons why sleep is important and said that a good routine, is key to combating illness ahead of World Sleep Day on March 13.

‘Sleep, nutrition and exercise are known as the three pillars of health, and in order to maintain optimum physical and mental wellness, we need all three [of the] pillars to be fortified,’ he explained.

Dr David Burton, who is the CEO and executive chairman of Compumedics Limited, has said a good sleep routine is key to combating illness(stock image)

According to a report by the Sleep Health Foundation, sleep deprivation is a problem for many Australians with 7.4 million adults saying they don’t get enough rest.

The problems when struggling with sleeplessness are poor concentration, lacklustre skin, being more susceptible to illness and mood swings.

If individuals don’t have enough sleep, they are also at greater risk of ‘cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, stroke, heart attack and arrhythmias’, according to the Australasian Epidemiological Association.

‘The prevalence of obesity and diabetes in increased, there is a greater risk of dementia and more rapid progression of the disease; and the prevalence of some cancers may be increased.’

While you are sleeping, your brain goes through a  five-stage cycle, to recover and recharge your mind and body. 

If you are sleep deprived, the connections formed while we are sleeping are not able to fully develop and strengthen our bodies to be able to effectively fight off illness.

Dr Burton said that this can lead to difficulties in learning memory, perception, maintaining focus and motivation, and coping with stressors. 

Dr Burton (pictured) said sleep deprivation affects memory, focus and motivation

Dr Burton revealed that during sleep, the brain moves through a five-stage cycle, which is important for the body and mind to recover and recharge.

It begins with a process called non-REM (NREM) that slows brain waves down before one enters into a deep sleep as the body rests and both immune health and energy levels are recharged.

Individuals then move into REM phase of sleep, where the brains became more active, memories are processed and dreams are created.

‘If we lack adequate NREM and REM, our physical, mental and emotional health is compromised as our brain, muscles, nerves, neurons and complex internal systems, including our immune system, are slow to respond and unable to function or perform well,’ Dr Burton said.

He explained that while you sleep, your brain goes through a cycle to recharge your mind and body and if the connections aren’t developed, your body won’t be able to effectively fight off illness (stock image)

How to get a good night’s sleep 

1.  Develop a bedtime routine that includes 30 minutes of screen-free time before bed

2.  Minimise night-time disruptions such as light and noise. Darken the room, turn off your phone, and keep the bedroom environment conducive for sleeping with a comfortable temperature and minimal sound disturbance.

3.  Avoid drinking alcohol before sleep as it can affect the time it takes to enter that important REM stage of sleep

4.  Ideally, adults should aim for 7-9 hours of sleep

5.  If you are unsure and think you may have a medical condition or serious sleep disorder, such as sleep apnea, speak to your doctor in order to get a correct diagnosis, treatment and support

During sleep the body releases small inflammation and infection-fighting proteins called cytokines.

Dr Burton explained: ‘When we are sleep deprived, the neural connections used to form and consolidate memories throughout the sleep cycle, particularly during REM, are not able to fully develop and strengthen.’ 

This can lead to difficulties in learning memory, perception, maintaining focus and motivation, and coping with stressors.

In order for the body to be able to effectively fight off illness, it’s important to go through this sleep cycle a number of times. 

According to Better Health, primary school children and teenagers need nine to 10 hours of sleep a night while adults need about eight.

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World News

Rishi Sunak to boost 4G coverage in rural areas through £1bn deal

Chancellor Rishi Sunak vows to end patchy phone reception and slow broadband in rural areas with £1bn 4G deal that will see biggest boosts in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

  • Chancellor Rishi Sunak will announced £1billion deal with firms to boost 4G
  • Over 280,000 properties expected to benefit from improved phone signals
  • Biggest improvements to be in rural Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland
  • Mr Sunak will also confirm £5billion investment for faster broadband by 2025
  • He said he is ‘committed to levelling up across every region and nation in the UK’ 

Rishi Sunak will vow to end patchy mobile phone reception and slow broadband in this week’s Budget.

The Chancellor will announce a £1billion deal with telecoms firms to boost 4G coverage in rural areas.

More than 280,000 properties and 10,000 miles of roads are expected to benefit from better phone signals. The biggest improvements are likely to be in Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales.

Whitehall sources said the money would ‘see poor and patchy mobile coverage become a thing of the past’.

Mr Sunak will also confirm a £5billion investment to achieve faster broadband across the UK by 2025.

Rishi Sunak will vow to end patchy mobile phone reception and slow broadband in this week’s Budget (pictured, the Chancellor having his make-up done for the Andrew Marr Show)

During December’s election the Conservatives pledged to bring full fibre and gigabit-capable broadband to every home and business in Britain within five years. 

Gigabit broadband, which is 40 times faster than standard superfast broadband, will be rolled out to the hardest-to-reach 20 per cent of the country, the Treasury said.

Mr Sunak said: ‘We are committed to levelling up across every region and nation in the UK and that is why we are making the largest ever public investment into broadband. This investment delivers on our promises to the British people, boosting growth and prosperity across the country.’ 

Mr Sunak, who became Chancellor last month following Sajid Javid’s resignation, yesterday refused to confirm whether he will stick to the fiscal rules of the Conservative manifesto when he delivers his Budget this week.

He said that he believes ‘very much’ in the responsible management of public finances, but declined to comment on whether the Government will abide by its election pledges.

The Chancellor will announce a £1billion deal with telecoms firms to boost 4G coverage in rural areas (pictured, Mr Sunak in Downing Street, February 2020)

The Conservative manifesto for the election stated the party would not borrow to fund day-to-day spending and would ensure debt is lower in five years’ time. 

Mr Sunak said he could not ‘comment on the exact forecast until Wednesday’, though he told the BBC’s Andrew Marr Show: ‘I believe very much in the importance of fiscal responsibility, about responsible management of our public finances.

‘It’s because there’s been very strong management of public finances over the last ten years by successive Conservative chancellors who have made some difficult decisions that means I can sit here today and say I will invest what it takes to get us through this because our public finances are in a good spot.’

Mr Sunak yesterday said around a fifth of HM Treasury staff will move to a new ‘economic campus’ in the North as part of its bid to spread prosperity throughout the country. Offices will also be opened in Northern Ireland and Wales.

He told Sky’s Sophy Ridge on Sunday programme: ‘We believe in making sure that wherever you live in this country there is opportunity for you.

‘That’s what levelling up means in practice, it’s not just about building a road here or a railway station there, it’s about ensuring that everyone can fulfil their dreams, so it is spreading that opportunity.

‘I want to make sure that the Treasury is at the front foot of that.’

Ministers urged to rethink three per cent stamp duty on additional homes after thousands who aren’t property developers were forced to pay extra 

By Matt Oliver, City Correspondent for the Daily Mail  

Ministers have been urged to reform stamp duty after a raid on second homes caught thousands of people it was not meant to target.

The 3 per cent surcharge on extra properties, introduced in 2016 by then chancellor George Osborne, was meant to help first-time buyers by deterring buy-to-let landlords and others from purchasing homes as investments.

But experts have warned that the tax – which brought in a reported £6.6billion in 2019/20, more than double the £2.9billion predicted – is ensnaring people who are not property investors. 

The levy is charged on top of stamp duty. For a £500,000 second home, it would add an extra £15,000 to the £15,000 normally charged under the tax.

But analysis by estate agent Countrywide found that 31 per cent of those affected were not landlords or second home buyers. 

Examples of people ensnared by the tax included a husband whose wife part-owned a family home in Brazil and parents trying to help children get their first home.

Adam Kay, tax partner at accountants Saffery Champness, said the examples were proof that the surcharge ‘isn’t working’.

But a Government spokesman said: ‘Higher rates of stamp duty on second homes mean we can afford to offer more support to first-time buyers through the stamp duty relief.’

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Five foods to boost sleep – and what to cut from your diet NOW

Eat your way to great sleep: The five common foods that will benefit your shut-eye – and what you need to cut from your diet right NOW

  • Olivia Arezzolo revealed how sardines, cherries and bananas can help with sleep
  • On the flip side, the expert said you should even avoid decaf coffee before bed
  • Spicy foods, cheese and dark chocolate can also all inhibit your slumber 

Four in ten of us don’t get enough sleep, which affects our mood, productivity and rest the next day.

And while, for some, this is on account of a specific sleep disorder, for others among us, it’s because of lifestyle factors including what we eat and drink.

Sleep expert Olivia Arezzolo revealed to FEMAIL the five common foods to help us to get more shut eye and achieve a better night’s kip, and the things you need to cut from your diet right now and why.

Sleep expert Olivia Arezzolo revealed to FEMAIL the five common foods to help us to get more shut eye and achieve a better night’s kip, and the things you need to cut from your diet now

What should you be eating? 

Tart cherries

According to Olivia, cherries – especially tart cherries – are rich in the sleepy hormone melatonin. 

In addition to promoting weight loss, cherries also contain antioxidants like anthocyanins, which work alongside melatonin to help you maintain a deeper sleep for longer.

‘With melatonin regulating your sleep-wake cycle, after a punnet of cherries you’ll be sleepier in the evening – and more likely to wake up full of beans too,’ Olivia told Daily Mail Australia.


Another fruit to stock up on before bed is bananas, which are filled with magnesium to ‘induce muscular relaxation and mental calmness’.

‘Bananas are great before you go to bed because they supply the body with vitamin B6m which is a con-factor in the conversion of the amino acid tryptophan into melatonin,’ Olivia said. 

IF you are someone who struggles with sleep, you might want to try having a banana before you hit the hay.


Like salmon and tuna, sardines are an excellent dinner choice for a good night’s sleep.

Olivia said this is because they contain 61 per cent of your daily omega 3 needs.

‘Sardines help to reduce anxiety, which is a key factor in nighttime rumination,’ she said.


If you’re vegan or vegetarian, you could also try seaweed – which is a good alternative to fatty fish.

‘It supplies the body with similar nutrients needed for sleep, including omega 3s, amino acid tryptophan and magnesium,’ Olivia said.


Lastly, that leafy green vegetable isn’t just good for your waistline, as Olivia said it can help your sleep too.

‘High in calcium, kale and other collared greens like spinach assist in the production of melatonin,’ she said.

Because of its high fibre content, it will also help to keep any midnight cravings at bay. 

Sardines contain 61 per cent of your daily omega 3 needs, which can help with anxiety at nighttime (stock image)

What should you be avoiding? 

Coffee – even decaf coffee

While you might be aware that coffee even in the afternoon can be a bad idea for your sleeping patterns, what you might not be so aware of is the fact that even your decaf habit could be wreaking havoc with your sleep.

‘Decaf coffee still has caffeine,’ Olivia said.

‘It might not be nearly as much as regular coffee at 100mg, but with 7mg, if you are a sensitive sleeper, this could be enough to keep you up.’

Swap out your evening decaf brew for a calming peppermint or chamomile tea. 

Red wine

Many reach for a glass of red after a long week at work, because wine acts as a ‘sedative’ and helps to make us feel relaxed.

‘The truth is it isn’t a sedative and it will only limit your REM sleep and cause you to wake up later in the night,’ Olivia said.

If you must drink red wine, at least try to stop one hour before you go to bed. 

This will give the alcohol a chance to process in your body before you try to sleep.

Lastly, the expert revealed you should try to avoid having anything too spicy in the evenings, as it has the potential to inhibit shut-eye (stock image)

Dark chocolate

Steer clear of dark chocolate if you want a good night’s kip, as even though it has magnesium, it is also rich in caffeine – and has as much as 25 per cent of a standard cup of coffee.

‘Combined with all of the sugar it has, this isn’t a sleep supporter,’ Olivia said.


Cheese is regularly enjoyed in the evening after a dinner party, but research shows that cheese is a major contributor to strange and restless dreams. 

‘Researchers believe this is due to the effect of cheese on mood and cognition,’ Olivia said.

Spicy foods

Lastly, the expert revealed you should try to avoid having anything too spicy in the evenings, as it has the potential to inhibit shut-eye.

‘The British Cheese Board study found spicy foods have the potential to disrupt deep sleep,’ she said.

For more information about Olivia Arezzolo, you can visit her website here

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Huge injury boost for Arsenal as Arteta reveals Tierney is ‘much closer’ to comeback – The Sun

ARSENAL boss Mikel Arteta has revealed Kieran Tierney is now 'much closer' to returning to action for the Gunners in what is a huge injury boost for the club.

Arteta announced the news ahead of Arsenal's FA Cup fifth round clash with Portsmouth on Monday night, but has not said exactly when he will make his comeback.

Former Celtic star Tierney has been sidelined with a shoulder injury since December when Arsenal came out 3-1 winners over West Ham, but he has returned to training within the last month.

Arteta told reporters: ''He is much closer. He is evolving really well, he feels fit and confident.

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''He's going to start with contact. Hopefully we can have him soon.''

Tierney became the most expensive Scottish footballer in history when he made his move to the Emirates Stadium for £25million in the summer, but the defender has battled with injury.

Arsenal's head of fitness Shad Forsythe added: ''Kieran's probably going to come back in very, very fit and very in shape from a running perspective, because he's been doing tonnes of running, different patterns, ball work, things for his position specifically and also talking to Mikel and the coaches and building things that'll have him ready to step in and perform in his position.

''This time of the season after the intense Christmas period and January cup competition is a time to repair, recover, reload and get your players back.''

The 22-year-old has made just 11 appearances since his transfer.

When he joined the squad he was recovering from hernia surgery.

The youngster has not featured for Scotland since the defeat to Israel in October 2018 and it looks unlikely that he will play against them at the end of the month.

But his return to action will be a huge boost to Arteta's side especially in terms of defence which has been shaky.

Their 2-1 Europa League defeat to Olympiakos on Thursday was yet another big blow.

From early on in the game they looked short of ideas and moved the ball so slowly across midfield.

However, they are hitting form at the right time now, having won their last two Premier League games, ending a run of four-straight draws which saw them fall off the top four pace.

Their latest victory, a 3-2 win at home over Everton, came thanks to an opening goal from Eddie Nketiah and two more from Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang.

With Manchester City now banned from the Champions League for the next two years, Arsenal are still in the hunt for fifth place, which could get them back in Europe's elite competition.

City have reached the Carabao Cup final and face Aston Villa at Wembley on Sunday, meaning their League game with Arsenal has been rescheduled – giving the Gunners the weekend off.

Their next game will be their FA Cup fifth round tie at Fratton Park, with their next Premier League fixture on March 7 as they welcome strugglers West Ham.

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