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Lifestyle

How to tell if you’re a lightworker

If anyone has ever told you that you could be a lightworker, you just may be. But before you try and determine whether or not you are one, it’s best to understand what a lightworker is. According to Halina Goldstein, spiritual mentor and lightworker in Denmark, a lightworker is not actually that easy to define. “…to me it is someone that is connected with the energy of light… it’s connected with the light, with the soul to a degree that it affects other people. And this doesn’t have to be a conscious choice. For many of us it is obviously for people that have, you know, healers, coaches, therapists, teachers, artists,” she said in an interview with Dr. Andrea Pennington. “This is all from a conscious experience and a conscious choice,” she continued. In other words, a lightworker is someone who naturally helps others through challenges, usually without even knowing it.

Here’s how to tell if you’re a lightworker.

Lightworkers are often sensitive but see positivity in everything

According to YourTango, there are five signs that usually mean you’re a lightworker. Firstly, if you are selfless with your love, and secondly, if you spark joy, these are usually two telltale signs. Thirdly, if you’re sensitive and get easily affected by other people’s emotions, you’re likely to be a lightworker without knowing it. Another sign is simply positivity. Are you a glass-half-full kind of person? You may just have the gift. And lastly, if you often feel energized when you help people, it’s probably for this very reason. 

If you’re convinced you’re a lightworker, consider it a good thing. “I do not believe being a lightworker is a heavy duty. We’re not soldiers. We’re not pushing against a solid wall. It might look like it. But we’re basically connecting with light and with joy. And we’re radiating it. That’s the job. That’s all there is to it,” said Goldstein. “To stay centered, to be like an antenna that connects with that light and then radiate it.”

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Lifestyle

How to live longer: The popular toast-topper that could increase your life expectancy

A certain toast-topper staple may help to prolong your life. It can be enjoyed for breakfast or lunch and, sometimes, even dinner. What’s this versatile and life-enhancing treat?

BBC Sport Academy nutritionist Matt Lovell said: “Baked beans are one of the best things humans can eat.”

He continued: “The reason beans are so healthy is that they contain antioxidants which protect the cells in our body.

“Antioxidants protect us from the effects of ageing and all sorts of diseases such as cancer and heart disease.”

READ MORE

  • How to live longer: Avoid this type of diet

What are baked beans?

Baked beans are typically made with small, white beans – usually haricot or cannellini – which are then covered in tomato sauce.

They contain vitamin B6, magnesium, iron, potassium , protein and fibre.

Notably a good source of thiamine, zinc and selenium too, these contribute to energy production, immune function and thyroid health.

Offering beneficial plant compounds, named polyphenols, these have high antioxidant activities.

Protecting your cells from unstable molecules called free radicals, polyphenols help to inhibit inflammation.

Both free radical damage and inflammation have been linked to heart disease and cancer.

Researchers from the Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln found that baked beans inhibit cholesterol consumption in people’s guts.

This is because baked beans contain compounds called phytosterols.

Supporting this finding, a study by the Department of Applied Human Nutrition, at Mount Saint Vincent University, investigated men with borderline-high cholesterol.

The participants consumed five five cups (650g) of baked beans each week for one month.

The results revealed that they experiences an 18 percent decrease in LDL (low-density lipoproteins) cholesterol.

This is also referred to bad cholesterol because it can build up in your arteries, making it harder for the heart to pump blood around the body.

READ MORE

  • How to live longer: Best diet to increase life expectancy

Baked beans may also support gut health. This is because they contain fibre, which helps to aid regular bowel movements.

Moreover, fibre nourishes the microbes in the large intestine or colon.

Researchers from the New York University School of Medicine proposed a link between the number of beneficial bacteria in the gut and a reduced risk of colon cancer.

And a research team from the Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences, at Colorado State University, added that baked beans also contain nutrients apigenin and daidzein.

These nutrients may also help to protect against colon cancer.

The NHS states that approximately three heaped tablespoons of baked beans make up one of your five-a-day.

Eating any more than this will not contribute further to your five-a-day goal.

Where possible, it’s recommended to choose the lower salt variety of baked beans.

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Lifestyle

How Panic Breathing & Coronavirus-Related Shortness Of Breath Are Different, According To MDs

While fever, fatigue, and cough are the most common signs of COVID-19, the illness caused by the novel coronavirus, shortness of breath is another possible symptom. People with anxiety can face a dilemma: if they’re having difficulty breathing, it can be hard to tell the difference between coronavirus-related shortness of breath and a panic attack.

"It can be difficult to tell the difference between panic attack shortness of breath, and shortness of breath from a viral infection like COVID-19," Dr. Larry Burchett, M.D., an emergency physician, tells Bustle. His current emergency-room protocol involves asking people if they have any other symptoms of coronavirus, such as cough, fever, or body aches. If they’ve had these symptoms for a week or so, and are experiencing worsening shortness of breath, it’s more likely that the cause is coronavirus. "This is especially true in someone with a lung disease like asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or who smokes," he says.

Anxiety-related shortness of breath has specific traits, Dr. Cara Pensabene, M.D., an internist at EHE Health, tells Bustle. "Panicked breathing happens because of the body’s natural response to the movement of stress hormones through the body. This encourages your lungs to breathe faster, getting more oxygen to your brain," she says. Anxious breathing is self-limiting; it doesn’t get worse over several days. After the anxiety passes, breathing calms.

Pensabene says that if your breathing rate is rapid and shallow, you feel a bit dizzy, but you can take a big breath if you need to, it’s likely that it’s related to anxiety. If your breathing is slow as you try to pull in more air, and your lungs feel heavy, full and painful, it could be related to a respiratory illness like COVID-19. "If you’re unsure, take a few deep breaths," she says "Anxiety tends to calm down when you slow your heart rate naturally." If you can’t breathe deeply and symptoms don’t improve, call your doctor or a telehealth service for guidance.

The shortness of breath that comes with COVID-19 also tends to worsen over time. "Coronavirus patients can sometimes have chest pressure tightness, and shortness of breath that is constant and usually worsens. They feel winded and fatigued with just a few steps," Dr. Janette Nesheiwat, M.D., an emergency physician, tells Bustle. Coronavirus is known to damage and inflame the interior of the lungs, making it hard for them to expand, and can also lead to pneumonia, which fills lungs with fluid and can cause a crackling noise when breathing.

It’s worth noting that panic about coronavirus may be causing heightened anxiety symptoms right now, Dr. Burchett says, and it’s possible to both be anxious and have the illness. "Sometimes it’s not easy to tell coronavirus and anxiety apart, and you need to see a doctor help you figure it out." He says nobody should feel ashamed to ask for help.

If you think you’re showing symptoms of coronavirus, which include fever, shortness of breath, and coughing, call NHS 111 in the UK or visit the CDC website in the U.S. for up-to-date information and resources. You can find all Bustle’s coverage of coronavirus here, and UK-specific updates on coronavirus here.

Experts:

Dr. Larry Burchett M.D., emergency physician

Dr. Janette Nesheiwat M.D., emergency physician

Dr. Cara Pensabene M.D., internist

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Lifestyle

How do I get the new £2,500 a month self-employed coronavirus grant and who does it help? – The Sun

BRITAIN'S five million self-employed workers will be entitled to grants to cover disruption to their business cause by the coronavirus outbreak.

Grants of up to 80 per cent of profits lost because of the virus will be available from June.

⚠️ Read our coronavirus live blog for the latest news & updates

Chancellor Rishi Sunak announced the "unprecedented" bailout package last night for Britain’s self-employed workers.

Many workers, including hairdressers, chefs, taxi drivers and childcare providers have either lost their entire income or seen it dramatically reduced since the start of the outbreak.

These people may now be given a Government grant. Here we explain who can get one and how to get one.

How much money is available?

The grants being made available will be calculated by looking at average monthly profits from the last three years of up to £2,500 a month.

Average monthly payouts are thought to be about £940 each per month.

For example, a freelancer with average trading profits of £18,000 a year over the last three years would be able to get £1,200 per month.

If a worker has been self employed for less than three years, the calculation will be based on the tax returns they have made.

The Government has said the grants are taxable so it's likely those who receive one will need to declare them on their next tax return, if their salary has returned to normal by then, although the exact details are yet to be announced.

Who qualifies for the self-employed grants?

Anyone who is self employed and has been financially affected by the pandemic should be eligible for one of the grants – but there are some exceptions.

They are only available to workers who have the majority of their income from self-employment.

Those who have not yet filed a tax return, because they haven't been self-employed for long, are also excluded from the scheme.

It’s also only available to those with profits of up to £50,000.

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How can I apply for a grant?

Grants aren’t available to all self-employed workers automatically, they’re only for those who have been adversely affected by the pandemic, who during this time had at least half of their work coming from self-employment.

You won't apply for them, HMRC is contacting workers directly to tell them if they are eligible.

It will ask them to fill out a form and the money will be paid directly into their bank accounts.

When will the money be paid?

The grants will not be available until the first week of June but payments will be backdated until March 1.

What about workers who pay themselves a salary?

Workers who pay themselves a salary and dividends through their own company won’t be covered by this.

If they operate PAYE schemes they can apply to the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme for help.

Can self-employed workers apply for Universal Credit?

You may be able to claim Universal Credit if you have lost income because of the virus outbreak.

For those unable to claim the new grants, this may be the only option if you're looking for help with your income.

Universal Credit is the controversial new welfare system which replaced six benefits – including working tax credit and housing benefit – with one monthly payment.

The amount of money you can get, known as the standard allowance, usually ranges between £251.77 and £498.89 depending on your age and whether or not you're part of a couple.

But it will be increased to £1,040 on April 6 for new and existing claimants.

At the moment there is a five-week wait until the money is paid for Universal Credit.

There are also long waiting times for those calling the helpline, although the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) has said its recruiting more workers to deal with the demand.

Can self-employed workers apply for sick pay?

To allow more people to access statutory sick pay, which is at least £94.25 a week, the chancellor has also suspended the self-employed Universal Credit minimum income floor for everyone affected by the virus.

The Universal Credit minimum income floor applies to those who've been self-employed for more than a year.

It's the amount you're thought to earn each month, and is used to work out how much Universal Credit you get on top of your earnings.

If you earn below this level in any month, you are treated as earning the minimum income floor.

If you are earning more than the minimum income floor, your actual earnings are taken into account instead.

Those off work from coronavirus may also be able to get help with their income loss by signing up to contributory Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) either instead or at the same time as getting Universal Credit.

To be eligible, you need to have worked as an employee or been self-employed and paid enough National Insurance contributions in the past two to three years.

What else is being offered to self-employed workers?

For those late paying their tax return, due at the end of January, you now have four weeks in order to complete and pay this.

The Government has also extended payments due in July 2020 under self assessment to January 2021.

VAT payments have also been delayed from now until June 30, although this only relates to workers who earn more than £85,000.

The Government has launched a scheme to help businesses in England (the rules are different elsewhere) with loans and grants but whether you qualify if you're self-employed depends on whether you're also a small business.

Under this, small businesses that already pay little or no business rates may qualify for a one-off grant of £10,000.

Your local authority will write to you if you are eligible.

Vouchers are available for children who usually get free school meals for £15 a week.

Lots of high street shops have now closed their online trading because of the virus including Next.

We have a full list of the shops that are still open for essential shopping.

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Categories
World News

VR video reveals how coronavirus destroys the lungs just days after having NO symptoms – The Sun

THIS chilling virtual reality video shows how deadly coronavirus rapidly spreads through the lungs of a healthy individual – who had no symptoms days earlier. 

Doctors at George Washington University in the US used 360-degree virtual reality technology to reveal the shocking reality of Covid-19 – and the widespread and potentially long-term it can cause.

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It comes as 183 countries have been affected by the pandemic – with over 530,000 cases worldwide and the death toll reaching over 24,000.

The medics captured the video while treating a man in his late fifties who was transferred to their hospital.

Just days before he arrived at the hospital, the patient, who has not been named, reportedly had no symptoms of coronavirus whatsoever.

However, according to CNN, by the time he was in the care of Dr Keith Mortman, chief of thoracic surgery at the hospital, the disease had wreaked havoc in his lungs.

The damage caused is clearly visible in the VR video as swaths of cloudy, green swaths of damaged tissue fill the man's lungs.


The man had been diagnosed with Covid-19 and put into isolation at another hospital, where he had nothing more than cold-like symptoms: fever, cough and shortness of breath.

Despite this, days later his condition began to deteriorate rapidly and doctors at the original hospital were forced to put the man on a ventilator.

But when that wasn't enough to stabilise him, he was taken to George Washington University (GWU) for urgent treatment.

Dr Mortman and his team converted scans of the man's lungs in to a virtual reality video that recreated the man's chest cavity in three-dimensions in 360 degrees.

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In a GWU podcast interview, Dr Mortman explains: "It becomes obvious very quickly that there's such a stark contrast between virus-infected, abnormal lung tissue and the more healthy adjacent lung tissue."

In the video, the bronchial tree – the system of airways that runs into and throughout the lung – is a more solid, strong blue, in most places.

However, green coloured inflamed tissue is clearly visible in many places throughout both lungs.

"It's such a contrast that you don't need an MD after your name to understand these images," said Dr Mortman.

"It's not isolated to any one part of the lung, there is damage to both lungs, diffusely.

"You can see the destruction that is being caused in the lungs and why these patients' lungs are failing to the point of needing a mechanical ventilator."


Around one out of every six who gets Covid-19 become seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).

Patients can develop pneumonia and swelling in the lungs, which can make it hard for the lungs to pass oxygen into the bloodstream – leading to organ failure and death.

Severe pneumonia can kill people by causing them to "drown" in the fluid flooding their lungs.

Dr Mortman explains: "It starts off as this viral infection then it becomes severe inflammation in the lungs and when that inflammation does not subside with time, it becomes, essentially, scarring…creating long-term damage and it could really impact somebody's ability to breathe in the long-term."

Severe cases will require a ventilator to be able to deliver enough oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Without one, the patient could die.

Currently, the NHS has just over 8,000 ventilators, the Government thinks it can procure a further 8,000 from existing domestic and international suppliers.

However, it estimates that the NHS will need at least 30,000 to deal with the potential flood of virus victims.

The Government has ordered 10,000 ventilators from Dyson to help deal with the coronavirus crisis.

The firm, headed by British inventor Sir James Dyson, said it had designed a new type of ventilator in response to a call on behalf of the NHS.

Dyson said the entirely new ventilator was called the "CoVent".

Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are at most risk developing serious illness.

However, the disease is affecting younger patients too – like the one Dr Mortman treated in the VR footage.

He added: "Young people are becoming infected with the virus and we're seeing more and more reports every day of younger patients being admitted to hospitals."

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Categories
Celebrities

How Chrissy Metz really feels about her weight-loss contract

Chrissy Metz has struggled with her weight her whole life, admitting to The Hollywood Reporter that she was “born chubby.” The actress even joined Weight Watchers at the age of 11. However, her difficulties with her weight led her to develop a real kinship with her most-famous character, Kate from This Is Us, whose weight-loss journey series creator Dan Fogelman modeled after his own sister’s.

But before This Is Us, Metz experienced a wake-up call on her 30th birthday that inspired her to get serious about being healthy, as noted by Marie Claire. She later landed a role in American Horror Story and, interestingly enough, had to wear a fat suit because she wasn’t big enough for the role. It’s been a challenging road for Metz, but she has finally reached her happy place and she refuses to let anybody else take the credit for it. 

Chrissy Metz was happy to sign a weight-loss contract

One element to Metz’s story that has consistently gained traction relates to the so-called weight-loss contract Metz signed to appear on This Is Us. When the show began, Metz openly told TVLine that she was happy to sign it. She shared, “Because it’s one thing to try to do it on your own. But as human beings, it’s an ego thing: We’re more likely to do something for someone else.”

She later explained to Harper’s Bazaar that it’s not as strict as the word “contract” suggests because there were no real stipulations about how much weight she has to lose or when she needs to lose it by. Fogelman himself confirmed to The Hollywood Reporter, “We have a general long-term plan that we’ve all talked about, and we will adjust the plan as needed.”

On their progress thus far, the series creator further clarified that he and Metz discuss the plan for Kate as well as Metz’s own goals about once every year.

Losing weight and getting healthy is Chrissy Metz's personal choice

Metz doesn’t see the weight-loss clause as a negative because she relates so personally to Kate. As she explained to TVLine, losing weight was a key part of “the trajectory of the character as she comes to find herself.” Likewise, Metz made it very clear that her weight loss is ultimately her choice, saying, “Whether or not I lose weight or stay the same, it’s purely a choice of mine for health. Not because I think that plus size, curvy, voluptuous, big bodies aren’t attractive.”  

In 2017, she told Marie Claire that she has no idea how much she weighs nowadays, and the This Is Us star further clarified with People in 2018 that her weight-loss efforts are entirely up to her.

At the 2019 Power Women Summit, as Us Weekly reported, Metz advised, “I think it’s important for every individual to determine what makes them happy and how to get to that.”

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Lifestyle

How to make a sourdough starter to bake bread and more if you don't have yeast

With more free time and a struggle to find food on the shelves, now is the time to learn how to make bread.

There’s even lots of free tutorials on bread making for you to try.

But the problem is finding yeast – a necessity for most bread recipes (though there are some you can make without it)

Sure flour (another baking essential) is hard to find too but you are more likely to have some of that in the cupboard already.

The good news is that you can use the flour to create your own sourdough starter to make bread, bagels, doughnuts and all sorts of other things.

A sourdough starter is basically demented flour and water that will help bread to rise (although it does it more slowly than fast acting yeast).

It needs looking after and fed daily at first so it’s a bit like a pet and a food source to keep you company through these solitary times.

Sourdough also adds a different flavour to your baked goods.

It is a slow process though – if you start today, it will be a week before you can bake your first loaf, but once you get one started, you can use it for years.

Some bakeries claim that the starter they use was started over 100 years ago.

You can also take some of it and give it to family members or friends (though you’ll probably have to wait until this is over, unless you are already leaving some essentials outside for them).

How to make a sourdough starter

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Lifestyle

How To Get The Sparkly Instagram Filters You Won’t Find In Your Story Dock

Opting for an artistic filter on Instagram Stories will give your content a more polished appeal, if that’s what you’re after. But finding custom filters to use on Instagram Stories takes a little more digging. When you snap a photo, or upload one into the Stories dock, there are 12 obvious Instagram filters available, plus any effects that you’ve already saved. But if you pay attention to other user’s Stories, you know that there are tons custom filters out there, with names like "Oats & Honey" and "Bahamas." Where are they hiding?

In August 2019, Facebook opened up its Spark AR Platform to all, a digital studio that allows creators to build their own filters for the app. With no previous coding skills required, creation tools in Spark AR are built to be easily accessible and used by all levels of IG users. And with 3D visual effects and 2D photo filters, the platform’s library boasts thousands of options from creators all over the world.

There are multiple ways to take advantage of the versatile filter library and make your Stories look infinitely more vibe-y — it just involves some searching. Here’s how to find, save, and share a fresh Instagram filter:

Try Out Your Friends’ Instagram Filter Choices

If you like a custom filter that your friend has posted, just tap the effect title in the upper left corner and then hit the “Try It” button. Or, if you’re looking at Instagram accounts that you don’t follow in the Explore tab, and an interesting effect pops up, you can try it out there, too. Once you tap the "Try it" button, you’ll be prompted with the options to take a photo with the filter now, save the filter into your effects menu for later use, send it to a friend, or see more from the creator.

Browse Instagram’s Story Effects

Open the Instagram Camera and swipe right to “Browse Effects” and tap to search the effect gallery for filters that you can try. Instagram regularly adds new effects for you to use — there’s the classic dog effect, a beauty effect with fake lashes, a vintage black and white camera, and more. There, you’ll also see any custom effects that you saved from creators.

Follow Instagram Effect Creators

When you see an effect you like, you can opt to follow the AR creator on Instagram, as they’ve likely created many more filters. Just tap the “Effects” tab on their profile to see their collection of effects — or follow their main feed! Some effects creators in my go-to folder are: @anyazhikh, @yulya.kors, and @ya.molli Often, creators have collections of effects that are similar in theme, like this boho filter collection by @janmahavan.

Save The Instagram Filters You Like

Get in the habit of saving filters you like when you’re browsing on Instagram, so that when you’re ready to post, you have a lot of custom options in your effects folder. Some great Instagram filters for soft, vintage photo vibes are: "Mood" by @diana_luchitskaya, "Ciao Bella" by @katrinascott, "Milk*Two" by @ya.molli, "Coco" by @carmushka, and "with love, autumn" by @xonvvy. You can save as many Instagram filters as you like, and follow as many creators as you like to stay up to date on new filter drops, too.

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World News

What is coronavirus and how does Covid-19 virus spread? – The Sun


CORONAVIRUS has killed more than 17,000 people to date and infected at least 225,000 others.

But what is coronavirus, how does it spread and what are the disease symptoms?

⚠️ Read our coronavirus live blog for the latest news & updates

What is coronavirus?

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that can cause infections ranging from the common cold to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (Sars).

The virus attacks the respiratory system, causing pneumonia-like lung lesions.

Some of the virus types cause less serious disease, while others – like the one that caused Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (Mers) – are far more severe.

In 2003 an outbreak of a similar virus, Sars, killed more than 900 around the world within weeks.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms are similar to a common cold.

They include:

  • a runny nose
  • headache
  • cough
  • fever
  • shortness of breath
  • chills
  • body aches

In most cases, you won't know whether you have a coronavirus or a different cold-causing virus, such as rhinovirus.

But if a coronavirus infection spreads to the lower respiratory tract (your windpipe and your lungs), it can cause pneumonia, especially in older people, people with heart disease or those with weakened immune systems.

There is currently no vaccine for coronavirus.

To help prevent infection, do the same things you do to avoid the common cold such as using alcohol-based anti-bacterial soaps and sprays.

People should also avoid touching their eyes, nose and mouth – and avoid contact with people who are infected.

A coronavirus infection should be treated the same way a cold is treated.

Biting your nails can seriously increase your risk of contracting coronavirus, according to an allergy and infectious diseases specialist.

Here's what can you do to keep your home safe.

How does coronavirus spread?

Coronavirus is an airborne virus, spread in a similar way to colds and the flu.

It is incredibly contagious and is spread through contact with anything the virus is on as well as infected breath, coughs or sneezes.

This means that anyone who is infected can pass it on to any surface or person they breathe on or touch.

How far has the virus spread so far?

In spite of efforts to contain the virus, it has gone international.

China, Japan, Thailand, Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea, Australia, Taiwan, Malaysia, US, Germany, Vietnam, Macao, France, UAE, Canada, Italy, UK, India, Philippines, Russia, Nepal, Cambodia, Finland, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Belgium and Sweden have all reported cases.

  • January 31, 2020, the first two cases were reported in the UK.
  • February 6, a third Brit tested positive for coronavirus.
  • February 8, five Britons, including one child, were diagnosed with the virus in France after coming into contact with a person who had been in Singapore.
  • February 10, it was revealed there were eight cases in the UK.
  • February 12, the first case in London was confirmed bringing the total in UK to nine.
  • February 16, the eight-month-old baby feared to be Britain’s youngest coronavirus victim given all-clear
  • March 16, Prime Minister Boris Johnson announces social distancing approach
  • March 18, death toll in UK passes 100 as all schools announced to be closing for at least five weeks
  • March 20, UK government orders all pubs, clubs, restaurants and gyms to close
  • March 23, UK ordered into lockdown with just four exceptions

How many people have died from coronavirus?

The global death toll stands at over 17,000.

In China, the majority of deaths have been in the central province of Hubei.

 

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Categories
TV and Movies

How Better Call Saul Subverts Breaking Bad's Most Important Trope

The second golden age of TV is considered to have begun in the late ’90s with prestige dramas like The Sopranos, and continued with shows like The Shield, Mad Men, Breaking Bad, and even Boardwalk Empire. These shows have certain things in common, including a morally ambiguous main character that the audience finds sympathetic despite their many acts of cruelty and evil. These antiheroes often hold relatively respectable positions–a teacher, a cop, a politician–but hide darker tendencies that come to the surface over the course of the show.

Now that these shows aren’t dominating the TV landscape, we’re seeing shows that challenge the idea of the TV antihero. And few do that as well as Better Call Saul, AMC’s Breaking Bad prequel series, which, currently in the middle of airing its fifth and final season, has now officially run as long as Breaking Bad did in the first place.

When we first met Saul Goodman in Season 2 of Breaking Bad, Jesse Pinkman described him as “a criminal lawyer.” Throughout that show we saw Goodman act as a complete scumbag, a man willing to sell out his grandma if it meant getting a few seconds’ head start. That said, he was also a comic relief character who served as a funny counterpart to Walter White’s increasingly grim transformation into Heisenberg.

In 2015, AMC launched Better Call Saul, which focused on con-man turned small-time lawyer Jimmy McGill–who Breaking Bad viewers knew would somehow go on to become Saul Goodman. Like Breaking Bad before it, this show promised to document that transformation, but from the beginning, it was easy to see that Jimmy was pretty much the polar opposite of Walter White. Even though Jimmy still had some sleaziness in him–mostly from his time as a small-time grifter known as Slippin’ Jimmy–in the show’s present time he always strived to do good and showed remorse when he didn’t.

This stands in contrast to Breaking Bad, the show that Vince Gilligan famously sold as “a story about a man who transforms himself from Mr. Chips into Scarface.” When we met Walter White, he seemed like a victim of circumstance, a once-brilliant chemist trapped in a dead-end job who got a cancer diagnosis he couldn’t fight in his current economic situation. Instead of accepting help from his former business partner, he turned to crime and began cooking meth to raise money that would go to his family after he dies. But Breaking Bad quickly exposed Walter for who he really was: a man who blamed the world for the life he chose, who found any excuse to “break bad” and do horrible things as he grew his crime empire. As the audience, we ate up his increasingly problematic actions because they were portrayed as “cool,” like taking down drug lords using “science, bitch.” But Breaking Bad repeatedly offered Walter exit after exit, only for him to keep going because, as he said in the end, “I liked it, I was good at it, and I was really–I was alive.”

Breaking Bad was all about Walter White embracing his newfound life and the thrills that came with it, even if it came at the cost of his family and his soul. On paper, Better Call Saul appears woefully similar, but what makes the prequel series special is how it flips the emotions associated with the antihero arc on their head. Jimmy McGill may seem like a typical antihero because we see him slowly embrace a life of crime, but when he finds himself in a conflict, Jimmy doesn’t invent a cool way to confront his adversaries–if anything, he goes to great lengths to avoid confrontation altogether. Jimmy so far hasn’t seemed capable of putting a bomb on a wheelchair or equipping a machine gun to the trunk of a car, but he is willing to charm the pants off those who mean him harm. Jimmy may never become a crime lord, or the boss of a powerful syndicate, but by totally dedicating himself to unglamorous bottom-feeding, Jimmy McGill survives long after the antiheroes are captured or killed.

At the heart of this is the moral struggle inside Jimmy McGill. Better Call Saul does show its protagonist committing awful acts. Jimmy McGill may not think of himself as a bad person, and he always tries to make things right, even at his own expense, but he does bad things. In many ways, he is like Bojack Horseman, another character who desperately wants to be thought of as a good person, but who constantly caves to bad habits he blames on his upbringing and circumstance, until he realizes he’s become the person others think he is. Jimmy isn’t breaking bad like Walter did; he won’t become a crime lord, but we’ve still seen him embrace his new life of aiding criminals and enjoying it, to the point of rejecting offers to become a more traditionally respected lawyer seemingly because he enjoys being Saul Goodman more.

Therein lies the tragedy of Better Call Saul, as Jimmy’s descent into becoming Saul Goodman has evidently lower stakes, but the moral downfall is more poignant and emotionally impactful. With Breaking Bad the audience slowly realized that Walter White was always a horrible person, whereas Better Call Saul shows how Jimmy was always holding Saul Goodman in check. Jimmy feels like a bad person deep down–he believes what others think about him. But the events of the show really have forced him to break bad. We wanted Walter to win no matter what, but we dread the moment Jimmy fully becomes Saul Goodman.

We still get antihero stories on TV, but recent shows have made an effort to comment on the genre and offer alternative takes on it. The recently finished The Good Place and even Bojack Horseman gave us flawed to outright terrible protagonists, and followed their arduous attempts at becoming better people. Even if it wasn’t easy, if they relapsed or didn’t fully become good by the end, the shows were all about making an effort. With Better Call Saul we know there is no redemption available for Jimmy. We know how his story ends: in metaphorical black and white, on the run from the law, and completely alone. The show takes advantage of its status as a prequel to make us feel what none of the Star Wars prequels did: a real sense of dread at knowing that no matter how much we root for Jimmy or how much he tries to stay good, eventually he will turn into the sleazy comic relief scumbag criminal lawyer we met all those years ago.

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